The U.S. among Us: Assessing the Impact of American Military Bases in Europe, 1954-1994
Dr. Dario Fazzi
Outposts of empire or ultimate beacons of freedom? Scholars have interpreted the American military bases overseas both ways. In Europe in particular, the American military deployment has been rather exceptional; since the end of WWII, U.S. bases have mushroomed and grown steadily all over the continent. Originally meant to keep Western Europe from totalitarianism, embed it in a system of collective security, and tie it firmly to the free market and capitalism, U.S. bases in Europe have effectively projected American hegemony, substantiated the American empire, and embodied the so-called American century.
This project, by focusing on the persistence of American bases in Western Europe, complements these analyses through a perspective that uncovers how American installations overseas have acted as multifaceted agents of public diplomacy. More specifically, this project aims to provide an assessment of the cultural, economic and environmental impact that these bases had had. How have these military outposts affected the local economy? What kind of cross-cultural encounters have they favored and generated? How have they interacted with the surrounding environment?
- Dario Fazzi, “Imperial Constraints: Labor and U.S. Military Bases in Italy, 1954-1979,” Diplomatic History, Volume 45, Issue 3, 2021, 1-25.
- Dario Fazzi, “People’s Histories of the US Empire: A Trans-Local Approach to Study the Environment and the Cold War,” USAbroad: Journal of American History and Politics, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2020, 97-106
- Dario Fazzi, “Embodying the American Century: The Long-Lasting US Military Presence in Europe and the Case of Schinnen,” in Frank Mehring and Jorrit van den Berk (eds.), “Forging the American Century,” in International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2019, 653-672
- Dario Fazzi, “Human Rights vs. Human Life: The US-Soviet Bottom-Line,” in Alex van Stipriaan, Gijsbert Oonk, Sandra Manickam, Histories of Encounters (ESHCC: Rotterdam, 2018)